Contraception

Contraception update

  • We are now able to provide a full range of contraception including routine LARC. Our walk-in services are currently unavailable.
  • Please book a telephone appointment online. During the telephone consultation an appropriate history will be taken and the patient will be given a face to face appointment if necessary e.g. to check BP for starting or re-issuing combine hormonal contraception, Depo-Provera injection or IUD/IUS or implant fitting & removal.
  • We are continuing to provide Click and collect service for contraceptive pills, patch and vaginal ring. You may be asked to come to the clinic to measure your blood pressure height and weight. When appropriate we are able to post medication or prescription to your address.

I was asked to continue using Cu IUD, IUS or implant

  • If you were asked to continue using your contraceptive method as per advice from the Faculty of Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare (FSRH)FRSH-statement-Covid-19 and contrac..., such as, Mirena IUS, Nexplanon or Cu IUD then please get in touch with us near to the end of extension period.

I need contraceptive injection:

You can book a telephone appointment first and you will be booked an appointment. If it is 14 weeks or more since your last injection (Depo-Provera or Sayana press), please use condoms and book a telephone appointment. We can now offer injectable contraception (Sayana Press) which can be self-administered at home. Please watch the video here.

I am unable to book a telephone appointment

Most people are able to book an appointment on line but due to any reason you are unable to book, you can call us on 02073777307. Please let us know if you have any additional needs such as interpreter service or sign language etc.

You can also request a prescription for contraceptive pills/patch/vaginal ring from your GP (they will probably do this over the phone or by e-consult).  

You can register with Echo who will arrange for your medication from your GP to be sent to you by post. This is a free NHS service for repeat prescriptions.

I need an emergency contraception

Emergency contraception could be taken orally which is normally called the morning after pill. It is best taken as soon as possible after unprotected sex. It is likely to be easier and faster to go to your local pharmacy. You may be able to get this free of charge (depending on age and restrictions in your local area), if not it can be bought from the pharmacy.

  • If you cannot get this from the pharmacy then please book a telephone appointment
  • The emergency IUD (coil) is the most effective method of emergency contraception. Please book a telephone slot to discuss. The clinician will ask relevant questions to assess your eligibility for Emergency IUD. Please get the following information handy:
  • Time and date of last unprotected, sexual intercourse.
  • First day of last period (LMP).
  • Any other sexual intercourse since LMP
  • Shortest cycle (shortest number of days between first day of one period to first day of next period. If a woman gets her period every 26-30 days, shortest cycle length is 26 days.

I am having issues with my contraceptive method:

If you are having problems with your IUD or Implant or any other contraceptive method, please book a telephone appointment to discuss.

I also want a sexual health screen

  • Please register for a home testing kit with SHL 

Barrier methods

Male condom

The male condom is 98% effective against pregnancy if used correctly and also protects against sexually transmitted infections.

Female condom

The female condom is 95% effective if used correctly and also protects against sexually transmitted infections.

Diaphragms and cap

A contraceptive cap or diaphragm is a circular dome made of thin, soft latex (rubber) or silicone. Caps are smaller than diaphragms, but they work in the same way. They are inserted inside the vagina before sex and cover the cervix to create a physical barrier to sperm entering the womb.

Long lasting contraception

Long-acting reversible contraception (LARC)

Implant

The contraceptive implant is a plastic rod the size of a matchstick that is inserted under the skin on your upper arm. It’s over 99.9% effective. You will need to book a telephone appointment to discuss and the clinician will make an appointment for Implant fitting.

Contraceptive Injection, Depo-provera and Sayana Press

Depo-provera (also known as “the injection”) is an injection of long-acting progestogen, over 99% effective.

Sayana press offers similar contraceptive efficacy and can be self-administered.

Coil IUD

The Intra uterine device (IUD) is commonly referred to "coil" which is a hormone free contraceptive option. IUD lasts between five and 10 years and is a small plastic ‘T’ shaped device with added copper that is inserted into the womb (uterus). The main way an IUD works is by sperm reaching an egg. It does this by preventing sperm from surviving in the cervix, uterus or fallopian tube. 

It may also work by stopping a fertilized egg from implanting in the womb. IUDs are more than 99% effective. This means that less than one in every 100 women who use an IUD will become pregnant in a year.

It can also be fitted up to 5 days after unprotected sex to prevent pregnancy as a form of emergency contraception. Like many contraception methods, the IUD offers no protection against sexually transmitted infections

Coil IUS

The intrauterine system or IUS is similar to the coil but is made of plastic and has the hormone progestogen in it. There are now different types of IUS available in the UK. Find out more  FSRH -product review-Kyleena-IUS-mar-2019.pdf [pdf] 301KB .

Post-partum IUD and IUS insertion

IUD or IUs can be fitted within 48 hours of giving birth or at the time of Caesarean section. It's safe to use an IUD or IUS when you're breastfeeding, and it will not affect your milk supply

Please read CWHS Guide [doc] 92KB  if you had IUD or IUS inserted during Caesarean section.

Oral contraception

Hormonal contraception:

Oral contraceptives are more commonly just called ‘The Pill’. They are a small tablet you swallow to try to prevent pregnancy. The main way oral contraception works is by stopping the egg being released from the ovaries, it also thickens the mucus at the neck of the womb (making it harder for sperm to get through) and thins the lining of the womb (making it harder for a fertilised egg to implant). 

They offer no protection against sexually transmitted infections. There are two types of oral contraceptive – the ‘combined pill’ and the ‘progestogen-only pill’ (also known as the ‘mini pill’).

Combined pill 

The combined hormonal contraceptive pill (also known as “the pill”, “COC”) is a pill containing two hormones, oestrogen and progestogen. 

Progestogen only pill

The progestogen only pill, also known as the “mini pill” is a daily pill only containing one hormone - progestogen - and is taken every day without a break. It is good for women who can’t take the combined pill. This pill may change your menstrual cycle, and sometimes stop your periods and has to be taken very regularly (at the same time, each day).

Patch - combined hormonal patch

The combined hormonal patch (also known as “the patch”, “Evra”) is a patch you can put anywhere on your body that contains both oestrogen and progestogen.

Vaginal ring

The vaginal ring plastic ring that is inserted into the vagina, containing both oestrogen and progestogen.Nuvaring and Syriniring both are available in the clinic.

Please book a telephone appointment to talk to us about which contraceptive is right for you. 

What to expect when choosing a Coil method

What to expect when choosing a coil method:

We offer two types of Intra uterine contraception (IUC); the copper IUD (intrauterine device) or hormonal IUS (intrauterine system).

If you have an existing device and want a check-up or to have this removed, please book a telephone appointment.

If you want to have a device removed or changed, it is important that you use condoms or don’t have sex for seven days before having it removed.

There are now different types of IUS available in the UK. [pdf] 301KB

Before you book or attend an appointment to have a device fitted, please follow the five steps below.

Step one: Watch this short video about intrauterine contraception

It is important that you watch this short video before your fitting as it contains important information.It is important that you have read and understood this leaflet, also (in portuguese) prior to the fitting of your device.

There are now different types of IUS available in the UK. Find out more here

Please discuss options of pain relieve with clinician during telephone appointment.

We may have to reschedule your appointment if we are concerned about risks, such as pregnancy. This video explains any risks and the steps you should take to avoid them.

Find out more about the copper IUD      

Find out more about the hormonal IUS 

Step two: How to make sure you are not at risk of being pregnant at the time of your fitting

We need to make sure that you are not at risk of being pregnant when you attend for a fitting. If there is a risk that you might be pregnant then we may have to reschedule your fitting.

The timing of your fitting will depend on what contraception you are currently using:

If you are currently using a hormonal method (pill, patch, vaginal ring, injection and non-expired implant) then your device can be fitted at any convenient time and you can continue to use your current method correctly until your fitting.

If you are currently using condoms, diaphragm, natural methods of contraception or have an expired implant or expired IUD/IUS device then you have three options:

  1. Abstain from sex from day one of your period until your fitting. If you had used oral emergency contraception or have irregular period, abstain from sexual intercourse for 3 weeks prior to fitting appointment.
  2. Arrange to use a short-acting form of contraception, for example, pill, patch, vaginal ring, for at least four weeks before the fitting.
  3. Less preferable: Use condoms correctly* and consistently from day one of your period until your fitting appointment. {*It means condom is applied correctly prior to genital contact during all episodes of Sexual intercourse}

If you need to replace your current IUD/IUS device and it has not yet expired then this can be done on any convenient day. Please make sure you abstain from sex or use condoms for seven days before the fitting. This is to make sure that you are not at risk of being pregnant if for some reason we are not able to fit the new device after the original one is removed.

Step three: Checklist and information leaflets

Our self-assesment checklist will help you to decide which device to choose, the information leaflet will help you to decide if you are ready to have an IUC fitting and tell you more about your appointment.

You may want to print a copy of our self-assessment checklist and bring a completed copy to your appointment.

Step four: Booking your appointment

To book a fitting, please book a telephone appointment. Please let the clinician know if you have any of the following: 

  • You have a learning disability
  • You require an interpreter or sign language
  • You are under 16 years of age
  • You have known complex medical or gynaecological problems. For example, fibroids
  • You have had difficult or failed IUC insertions in the past.
  • If you were told by a clinician that the coil thread is not visible or had an unsuccessful removal in the past.

If for any reason you are unable to attend your appointment, please call to reschedule or cancel well in advance so that the appointment can be given to someone else.

Step five: On the day of your appointment

Where possible we will fit your device at your appointment.

However, there may be reasons why the fitting may need to be deferred. If this happens then the doctor or nurse who is seeing you will explain why.

On the day of your appointment:

  • Please arrive nt more than 10 minutes before your appointment 
  • Please allow at least two hours for the appointment. Although the procedure does not take this long, some women need a little more time to recover after the procedure
  • We recommend that you eat and take pain relief 30 minute to 1 hour before your appointment
  • It is best you do not bring your child or children with you. If you need to bring your child or children then you must bring someone to look after them while you are having the fitting
  • Please bring sanitary protection, as you may experience some bleeding after the fitting
  • We advise you to avoid driving or cycling immediately after your fitting.